Thursday, April 5, 2012


[Genesis 1:20-22]
And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl [that] may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that [it was] good.And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth.

God's is the origin of living water that bring forth a moving creature 

[John 4:10]
Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.

The Slimy Soup Theory

According to this theory, life began in a pool of water, called ‘soup’ because it was rich with the kinds of chemicals needed to make life.

Suddenly something happened – perhaps a bolt of lightning hit one of the pools - and the chemicals reacted and formed more complicated chemicals.

The weakness in this theory is that scientists suspect that in reality the soup was not concentrated enough to allow the necessary chemicals to meet.

Four billion years ago it would have been hard to find anything resembling Darwin’s “warm little pond” anywhere on Earth. The oceans were acid, the atmosphere was carbon dioxide, and anything touched by the sun was fried by ultraviolet light. However they got started, the first single-celled organisms lived on methane and bicarbonates, and to survive they secreted tough films, lived underwater, and stuck together.

Billions of years ago photosynthesizing bacteria formed clumps called stromatolites in shallow seas. The photosynthetic water-splitting mechanism they used is the same today.

Then some of these bugs acquired a neat trick: photosynthesis. Nature had stumbled upon a way to use sunlight to split water into oxygen molecules and hydrogen ions – freeing electrons for chemical reactions that converted carbon dioxide and other nutrients into compounds useful for growing things.

The key to photosynthesis was the water-splitting machinery that plants, algae, and cyanobacteria still use today, a cluster of manganese and calcium atoms which Vittal Yachandra and his colleagues in Berkeley Lab’s Physical Biosciences Division believe were most probably borrowed from the waters near undersea vents and other sites of active ocean chemistry.

Photosynthesis provided the sine qua non of modern life (with a few extremophile exceptions), namely free oxygen, including most of the oxygen in the atmosphere today. Teeming phytoplankton near the ocean’s surface still accounts for half of all the oxygen produced by plants.

The ocean plays another critical and closely related role in sustaining life on Earth: as it puts oxygen into the atmosphere it takes carbon dioxide out — by some estimates, the oceans absorb two billion metric tons of carbon a year, a third of the total currently emitted by human activity. Sequestering more carbon in the ocean might be one way to keep it out of the atmosphere and slow global warming. Maybe. 

How much longer can the ocean continue to soak up what humans dump into the air? That depends on many factors, most not well understood. As important as liquid water are water’s gaseous and solid phases – clouds, snow, and ice – which reflect sunlight and help cool the air and the surface of Earth.

The earliest life on Earth existed at least 3.5 billion years ago,during the Eoarchean Era when sufficient crust had solidified following the molten Hadean Eon. The earliest specific evidence for life on Earth is biogenic graphite in 3.7 billion-year-old metasedimentary rocks discovered in Western Greenland and microbial mat fossils found in 3.48 billion-year-old sandstonediscovered in Western Australia.

Scientific hypotheses about the origins of life can be divided into a number of categories. Many approaches investigate how self-replicating molecules or their components came into existence. On the assumption that life originated spontaneously on Earth, the Miller–Urey experimentand similar experiments demonstrated that most amino acids, often called "the building blocks of life", can be racemically synthesized in conditions intended to be similar to those of the early Earth. Several mechanisms have been investigated, including lightning and radiation. Other approaches ("metabolism first" hypotheses) focus on understanding how catalysis in chemical systems in the early Earth might have provided the precursor molecules necessary for self-replication.

God of the gaps

God is the source of Life: "For in him we live, and move, and have our being; as certain also of your own poets have said, For we are also his offspring. [Acts 17:28]
In him was life;.."[John 1:4]

The “God of the gaps” idea is the idea that God fills in the gap when there’s something we can’t explain … like how a bunch of chemicals might suddenly become alive.

You can see why it’s an attractive view. It not only explains why science so far cannot tell us all the answers; it also tells us why God is a necessary part of the picture.

A jelly fish in the Pacific Ocean – one of the Earth’s many millions of creatures. Which idea best explains how it comes to be here?

Scientists know why water is unusual and expands as it freezes – we can explain it with chemistry. That makes the universe even neater in my view. I’d be disappointed to find on investigation that our universe is held together with sticky tape. Instead I can imagine God as a “Cosmic Engineer” scratching His head and devising ways to things happen.

As I say, the more I look into it, the more interesting features I notice. What’s more I suspect that there is a host of other clues, right under our noses, which we’ll never even spot.”

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