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Monday, January 26, 2015

SINO ANG DIOS NA DAPAT SAMBAHIN

Sino ang Dios na dapat sambahin?

Oh magsiparito kayo, tayo'y magsisamba at magsiyukod; tayo'y magsiluhod sa harap ng Panginoon na May-lalang sa atin. (Awit 95:6)

Sino po ang Dios na dapat sambahin maliwanag ang sagot ng banal na kasulatan ito ang Panginoon na may lalang sa atin.

May patunay ba tayo na ang Dios na may lalang ay siyang Panginoon na dapat sambahin .

Sapagka't pinalitan nila ang katotohanan ng Dios ng kasinungalingan, at sila'y nagsisamba at nangaglingkod sa nilalang kay sa Lumalang, na siyang pinupuri magpakailan man. Siya nawa. (Roma 1:25)

Ngayon sino itong Dios na maylalang na siyang marapat pinupuri magpakailan man.

At sinabi ng Dios, Lalangin natin ang tao sa ating larawan, ayon sa ating wangis: at magkaroon sila ng kapangyarihan sa mga isda sa dagat, at sa mga ibon sa himpapawid, at sa mga hayop, at sa buong lupa, at sa bawa't umuusad, na nagsisiusad sa ibabaw ng lupa. (Genesis 1:26)

At sinabi ng Dios lalangin NATIN ang tao sa ATING larawan at ayon sa ATING wangis Aba itong Dios na manlalalang may Ka-Natin pala ito na katulad niyang kamanlalalang na kalarawan niya at kawangis.

Ngayon sino itong kalarawan ng Dios na kasama nyang manlalalang

Na siya (Kristo) ang larawan ng Dios na di nakikita, ang panganay ng lahat ng mga nilalang; (Colosas 1:15)

Si Kristo pala ito ang kalarawan ng Dios na hindi nakikita ito ang Anak ng Dios 

Palibhasa'y siyang sinag ng kaniyang kaluwalhatian, at tunay na larawan ng kaniyang pagka-Dios, at umaalalay ng lahat ng mga bagay sa pamamagitan ng salita ng kaniyang kapangyarihan, nang kaniyang magawa na ang paglilinis ng mga kasalanan, ay lumuklok sa kanan ng Karangalan sa kaitaasan; (Hebreo 1:3)

Siya si Kristo ang sinag ng kaniyang kaluwalhatian at tunay na larawan ng kaniyang pagka-Dios. ang patunay na si kristo ito siya mismo ang kasama ng Dios sa pasimula siya ang verbo ang Bugtong na Anak .
Nang pasimula siya ang Verbo, at ang Verbo ay sumasa Dios, at ang Verbo ay Dios. Ito rin nang pasimula'y sumasa Dios. Ang lahat ng mga bagay ay ginawa sa pamamagitan niya; at alin man sa lahat ng ginawa ay hindi ginawa kung wala siya...."Walang taong nakakita kailan man sa Dios; ang bugtong na Anak, na nasa sinapupunan ng Ama, siya ang nagpakilala sa kanya.(Juan 1:1-3,18)

Sa pamamagitan ng salita ng Panginoon ay nayari ang mga langit; at lahat ng natatanaw roon ay sa pamamagitan ng hinga ng kaniyang bibig. (Awit 33:6)

Sapamagitan ng SALITA na may hininga at Bibig nayari ang mga langit at ang lahat ng natatanaw roon na Inadress na "HIS"

Sino ang sumampa sa langit, at bumaba? Sino ang pumisan ng hangin sa kaniyang mga dakot? Sinong nagtali ng tubig sa kaniyang kasuutan? Sinong nagtatag ng lahat ng mga wakas ng lupa? Ano ang kaniyang pangalan, at ano ang pangalan ng kaniyang anak kung iyong nalalaman? (Kawikaan 30:4)

Ang Ama.(Malakias 2:10) at Anak ito ang magka-NATIN na magka larawan at wangis na manlalang ang patunay si Kristo ang Lumikha ng buhay. 

At inyong pinatay (sa laman) ang Lumikha ng buhay (samakatuwid bagay si Jesus):na binuhay ng Dios (Ama) na mag uli (ang katawang laman) sa mga patay; mga saksi kami ng mga bagay na ito.(Mga Gawa 3:15)

Kaya maliwanag na manlalang ang Panginoong Jesu Kristo.

Ngayon sino pa bukod sa Anak ang kasamang kamanlalang ng Ama sa pasimula.

Nang pasimula ay nilikha ng Dios ang langit at ang lupa. At ang lupa ay walang anyo at walang laman; at ang kadiliman ay sumasa ibabaw ng kalaliman; at ang Espiritu ng Dios ay sumasa ibabaw ng tubig. (Genesis 1:1-2)

May isa pang ka-manlalang ang Ama itong Espiritu ng Dios o Espiritu Santo na ng pasimula lumalang ang Ama sumasa ibabaw ito ng tubig.Ngayon ano ang ginagawa duon ng Banal na Espiritu.

Iyong sinusugo ang iyong Espiritu, sila'y nangalalalang; at iyong binabago ang balat ng lupa. (Awit 104:30)

Sa pamamagitan ng kaniyang Espiritu ay ginayakan niya ang langit;..."(Job 26:13)

Nilalang ako ng Espiritu ng Dios, at ang hinga ng Makapangyarihan sa lahat ay nagbibigay sa akin ng buhay.(Job 33:4)
Kaya ang Manlalang na dapat sambahin ay ang Ama ,Ang Anak at ang Banal na Espiritu ito ang Unified One (echad) na Dios na MANLILIKHA.

Dahil dito magsiyaon nga kayo, at gawin ninyong mga alagad ang lahat ng mga bansa, na sila'y inyong bautismuhan sa pangalan ng Ama at ng Anak at ng Espiritu Santo: (Mateo 28:19)
Ng Ama at ng Anak.(2 Corinto 11:31) at ng Anak at ng Espiritu Santo.(1Corinto 6:11)


Sapagka't ang Panginoon ninyong Dios (Ama), ay siyang Dios ng mga Dios (i.e samakatuwid ang Anak at ang Espiritu santo), at Panginoon ng mga panginoon, siyang dakilang Dios, siyang makapangyarihan at siyang kakilakilabot, na hindi nagtatangi ng tao ni tumatanggap ng suhol. (Deut.10:17)

Ako'y magpapasalamat sa iyo (Ama) ng aking buong puso: sa harap ng mga Dios (i.e. samakatuwid ang Anak at ang Espiritu santo) ay aawit ako ng mga pagpuri sa iyo. (Awit 138:1)
Dalawa naman dito ang "THE MOST HIGH" at ang THE ALMIGHTY
Those who live in the shelter of the Most High will find rest in the shadow of the Almighty.(Psalms 91:1)

Ang Ama ang THE MOST HIGH.(Lucas 1:35) at si Kristo ang THE ALMIGHTY na makapangyarihan sa lahat sa mga nilikha lamang.(Apocalipsis 1:5,7-8)

Friday, January 23, 2015

JOB 35:11



We humans have the ability to learn, to reason and solve problems. We're self-aware, and we're also conscious of the presence, thoughts and feelings of others. We make tools and practice the art of deception. We're creative. We think abstractly. We have language and use it to express complex ideas. All of these are arguably signs of intelligence. Scientists may not agree on the best and fullest definition of intelligence — but they generally agree that humans are highly intelligent.

The Creator Challenge to Human:

But ask now the beasts, and they shall teach thee; and the fowls of the air, and they shall tell thee: Or speak to the earth, and it shall teach thee: and the fishes of the sea shall declare unto thee. Who knoweth not in all these that the hand of the LORD hath wrought this? In whose hand is the soul of every living thing, and the breath of all mankind. (Job 12:7-10)


Other members of the animal kingdom exhibit signs of intelligence as well, and some scientists might say the definition of animal vs. human intelligence is merely a matter of degree - a point that was brought home in 2005 when the London Zoo put "Homo sapiens" on display in the exhibit pictured here. Click ahead to learn about nine other species that stand out for their smarts.

Chimps are almost like us

If we humans possess intelligence, chimpanzees must have some as well: Our genomes are at least 98 percent identical. Chimps make and use tools, hunt in organized groups and engage in acts of violence. Wild troops have distinct behaviors and customs. Field observations and lab experiments show chimps are capable of empathy, altruism and self-awareness. In the experiment pictured here, chimps performed better than humans on a number memory test.

Dolphins get creative
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This dolphin in Australia uses a sponge to protect her snout when foraging on the seafloor, a tool use behavior that is passed on from mother to daughter. Scientists say that's just one sign of dolphin smarts. Other signs include distinct whistles and clicks that may serve as dolphin names, perhaps used in a type of language. A famous 1960s experiment found that a pair of dolphins entered a tizzy of creativity once they figured out their novel behaviors were rewarded with fish. Frustrated human test subjects just let out a sigh of relief when they caught on to the idea.

Elephants exhibit self-awareness

The sheer size of their brains suggests that elephants must know a thing or two about the ways of the world. They have been seen consoling family members, helping other species in times of need, playing in water and communicating with one another via vibrations sensed in their feet. A crowning achievement, some researchers say, was when this female Asian elephant named Happy recognized herself in the mirror. The complex behavior is shared only with humans, great apes and dolphins.

Cephalopods have big brains

Are octopi, squids and cuttlefish smart? That's a matter of scientific intrigue, but such cephalopods are certainly among the brainiest invertebrates in the sea. The cephalopod brain surrounds the esophagus, but shares with the human brain features of complexity such as folded lobes and distinct regions for processing visual and tactile information. The how-smart debate swirls around deciphering observations that the creatures have a seemingly irrepressible curiosity, a disdain for boredom, an ability to learn and the capacity to use tools. The octopus pictured here exerts precise muscle control to eat.
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Crows get crafty
And the word of the LORD came unto him, saying, Get thee hence, and turn thee eastward, and hide thyself by the brook Cherith, that is before Jordan. And it shall be, that thou shalt drink of the brook; and I have commanded the ravens to feed thee there. So he went and did according unto the word of the LORD: for he went and dwelt by the brook Cherith, that is before Jordan. And the ravens brought him bread and flesh in the morning, and bread and flesh in the evening; and he drank of the brook.(1 Kings 17:2-6)



Crows are crafty critters: They fashion tools from twigs, feathers and other bits of debris to snare food from hard-to-reach places. A crow named Betty, pictured here, uses a straight wire she bent into a hook to retrieve food from a tube. The birds are born with a tool-making ethic, but they hone their craft by watching their elders, a sign of higher intelligence. Ravens, a type of crow, have even been shown to manipulate the outcomes of their social interactions for added protection and more food.

Traditionally, biological science has maintained that most actions performed by birds that may indicate intelligence are merely ingrained instinctual behaviours and that birds are unable to learn.

While parrots have the distinction of being able to mimic human speech, studies with the African Grey Parrot have shown that some are able to associate words with their meanings and form simple sentences.

Along with parrots, the crows, ravens, and jays (family Corvidae) are perhaps the most intelligent of birds.

Squirrels can be deceptive

Is the squirrel pictured here plotting deception? Perhaps. Researchers recently reported that the rodents put on elaborate shows of deceptive caching to thwart would-be thieves. The behavior increased in a lab experiment after squirrels observed humans stealing their peanuts. The researchers called the finding a sign that squirrels can interpret intentions of others, though it could just be a case of learned behavior. Other studies have shown the critters make three-dimensional maps to recall where they cache their nuts. And squirrels in California will cover their fur in the scent of rattlesnakes to mask their own scent from predators.

Man's best friend

Are dogs intelligent or just really good at basic obedience? They can learn to sit, lie down and fetch, for example, but can they read their owner's intentions? Research suggests they can at least find food in response to non-verbal cues, a type of understanding that scientists think may be akin to the human ability to understand someone else's point of view. The dog in the experiment pictured here accurately discriminated between photos of dogs and photos of landscapes — an indication the dog was able to form the concept of "dog."
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Cats are adaptable

Like dog owners, some cat owners have trained their pets to sit down, roll over and jump through hoops. Cats learn the tricks by observation and imitation, egged on with positive reinforcement. But training cats is harder than dogs. Does that mean they are less intelligent? Not necessarily. Cat experts say felines are just different. They are solitary animals, motivated by the need to survive. This has allowed them to adapt to a variety of domestic environments for at least 9,500 years - even the hoods of cars.

Pigs are wise ... and clean

Here's the dirt on pigs: They are perhaps the smartest, cleanest domestic animals known - more so than cats and dogs, according to some experts. But pigs don't have sweat glands, so they roll around in the mud to stay cool. A sign of their cleverness came from experiments in the 1990s. Pigs were trained to move a cursor on a video screen with their snouts and used the cursor to distinguish between scribbles they knew and those they were seeing for the first time. They learned the task as quickly as chimpanzees.


Fish, too, it seems share the ability to use tools to solve specific problems. Researchers have captured photos and videos of at least two reef fish species using rocks to crack open stubborn clam shells.

Thursday, January 22, 2015

BEWARE OF UFO WORSHIPPERS


And lest thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou seest the sun, and the moon, and the stars, even all the host of heaven, shouldest be driven to worship them, and serve them, which the LORD thy God hath divided unto all nations under the whole heaven. (Deuteronomy 4:19)

Thou shalt have no other gods before me. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth:(Exodus 20:3-4)

The spectre of the UFO, as popularized by shows such as The X-Files, has brought an astonishing slant to the face of modern religious practice. But what motivates the fantastical and sometimes sinister beliefs of UFO worshippers? UFO Religions critically examines some of the fascinating issues surrounding UFO worship - abduction narratives, UFO-based interpretations of other religions, the growth of pseudo-sciences purporting to explain UFOs, and the responses of the core scientific community to such claims. Focusing on contemporary global UFO groups including the Raelian Movement, Heaven's Gate, Unarius and the Ansaaru Allah Community, it gives a clear profile of modern UFO controversies and beliefs.

Yea, ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your god Remphan, figures which ye made to worship them: and I will carry you away beyond Babylon.(Acts 7:43)

SATELLITES TO THE STARS


Job 38:32 Living Bible

"Can you ensure the proper sequence of the seasons,or guide the constellation of the bear with SATELLITES across the heavens.

Spacecraft launched in 1977 to explore Jupiter and Saturn on the verge of entering new frontier in the Milky Way

 

Thirty-five years after leaving Earth, Voyager 1 is reaching for the stars.

Sooner or later, the workhorse spacecraft will bid adieu to the solar system and enter a new realm of space – the first time a man-made object will have escaped to the other side.

Perhaps no one on Earth will relish the moment more than 76-year-old Ed Stone, who has toiled on the project from the start.

"We're anxious to get outside and find what's out there," he said.

When Nasa's Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 first rocketed out of Earth's grip in 1977, no one knew how long they would live. Now, they are the longest-operating spacecraft in history and the most distant, at billions of miles from Earth but in different directions.

Wednesday marks the 35th anniversary of Voyager 1's launch to Jupiter and Saturn. It is now flitting around the fringes of the solar system, which is enveloped in a giant plasma bubble. This hot and turbulent area is created by a stream of charged particles from the sun.

Outside the bubble is a new frontier in the Milky Way – the space between stars. Once it plows through, scientists expect a calmer environment by comparison.

When that would happen is anyone's guess. Voyager 1 is in uncharted celestial territory. One thing is clear: the boundary that separates the solar system and interstellar space is near, but it could take days, months or years to cross that milestone.

Voyager 1 is currently more than 11bn miles from the sun. Twin Voyager 2, which celebrated its launch anniversary two weeks ago, trails behind at 9bn miles from the sun.

They're still ticking despite being relics of the early space age.

Each only has 68 kilobytes of computer memory. To put that in perspective, the smallest iPod – an 8-gigabyte iPod Nano – is 100,000 times more powerful. Each also has an eight-track tape recorder. Today's spacecraft use digital memory.

The Voyagers' original goal was to tour Jupiter and Saturn, and they sent back postcards of Jupiter's big red spot and Saturn's glittery rings. They also beamed home a torrent of discoveries: erupting volcanoes on the Jupiter moon Io; hints of an ocean below the icy surface of Europa, another Jupiter moon; signs of methane rain on the Saturn moon Titan.

Voyager 2 then journeyed to Uranus and Neptune. It remains the only spacecraft to fly by these two outer planets. Voyager 1 used Saturn as a gravitational slingshot to catapult itself toward the edge of the solar system.

"Time after time, Voyager revealed unexpected – kind of counterintuitive – results, which means we have a lot to learn," said Stone, Voyager's chief scientist and a professor of physics at the California Institute of Technology.

These days, a handful of engineers diligently listen for the Voyagers from a satellite campus not far from the Nasa Jet Propulsion Laboratory, which built the spacecraft.

The control room, with its cubicles and carpeting, could be mistaken for an insurance office if not for a blue sign overhead that reads "Mission Controller" and a warning on a computer: "Voyager mission critical hardware. Please do not touch!"

There are no full-time scientists left on the mission, but 20 part-timers analyse the data streamed back. Since the spacecraft are so far out, it takes 17 hours for a radio signal from Voyager 1 to travel to Earth. For Voyager 2, it takes about 13 hours.

Cameras aboard the Voyagers were turned off long ago. The nuclear-powered spacecraft, about the size of a small car, still have five instruments to study magnetic fields, cosmic rays and charged particles from the sun known as solar wind. They also carry gold-plated discs containing multilingual greetings, music and pictures – on the off-chance that intelligent species come across them.

Since 2004, Voyager 1 has been exploring a region in the bubble at the solar system's edge where the solar wind dramatically slows and heats up. Over the last several months, scientists have seen changes that suggest Voyager 1 is on the verge of crossing over.

When it does, it will be the first spacecraft to explore between the stars. Spaceobservatories such as the Hubble and Spitzer space telescopes have long peered past the solar system, but they tend to focus on far-away galaxies.

As ambitious as the Voyager mission is, it was scaled down from a plan to send a quartet of spacecraft to Jupiter, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto in what was billed as the "grand tour" of the solar system. But the plan was dropped, and scientists settled for the Voyager mission.

Howard McCurdy, a space policy expert at the American University in Washington, said it turned out to be a boon.

They "took the funds and built spacecraft robust enough to visit all four gas giants and keep communicating" beyond the solar system, he said.

The double missions so far have cost $983m (£620m) in 1977 dollars, which translates to $3.7bn now. The spacecraft have enough fuel to last until around 2020.

By that time, scientists hope Voyager will already be floating between the stars.

A new study in the journal Science suggests that the probe entered the interstellar medium around August 25, 2012. You may have heard other reports that Voyager 1 has made the historic crossing before, but Thursday was the first time NASA announced it.

The twin spacecraft Voyager 1 and 2 were launched in 1977, 16 days apart. As of Thursday, according to NASA's real-time odometer, Voyager 1 is 18.8 billion kilometers (11.7 billion miles) from Earth. Its sibling, Voyager 2, is 15.3 billion (9.5 billion) kilometers from our planet.

NASA: Voyager 1 has left solar system 02:07
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EXPAND GALLERY

Voyager 1 is being hailed as the first probe to leave the solar system. But under a stricter definition of "solar system," which includes the distant comets that orbit the sun, we'd have to wait another 30,000 years for it to get that far, Stone said.

Another milestone for long after we're gone: The probe will fly near a star in about 40,000 years, Stone said.

How do we know?

Voyager, currently traveling at more than 38,000 miles per hour, never sent a postcard saying "Greetings from interstellar space!" So whether it has made the historic crossing or not is a matter of controversy.

"The spacecraft itself really doesn't know," Stone said. "It's only instruments that can tell us whether we're inside or outside."

Further complicating matters, the device aboard Voyager 1 that measures plasma -- a state of matter with charged particles -- broke in 1980.

To get around that, scientists detected waves in the plasma around the spacecraft and used that information to calculate density. Vibrations in the plasma came from a large coronal mass ejection from the sun in 2012, resulting in what Stone called a "solar wind tsunami." These vibrations reached the area around Voyager this spring.

Measurements taken between April 9 and May 22 of this year show that Voyager 1 was, at that time, located in an area with an electron density of about 0.08 per cubic centimeter.

In the interstellar medium, the density of electrons is thought to be between 0.05 and 0.22 per cubic centimeter. The particles of interstellar plasma were created by the explosions of giant stars, and carry the magnetic field of the galaxy, scientists said.

This illustration shows NASA's Voyager 1 spacecraft entering the space between stars.

Last year, between October 23 and November 27, researchers calculate that Voyager 1 was in an area with an electron density of 0.06 per cubic centimeter. That's still within the interstellar space range, and it means that over time the spacecraft passed through plasma with increasing electron density.

The study, led by University of Iowa physicist Donald Gurnett, suggests that the plasma density is about 30 times higher in the interstellar medium than in the heliosphere, which is close to what scientists thought based on other kinds of measurements. The boundary is called the heliopause.

Voyager mission timeline:

When did it happen?

Scientists have been using several kinds of measurements to figure out if and when Voyager 1 had reached the interstellar medium.

Evidence from particle data had already pointed toward the conclusion that the probe succeeded. In late July and early August of 2012, scientists saw dips in the concentration of particles made in the solar system, and peaks in particles made outside.

"If you just looked at that data, you'd think it's pretty clear that we've actually crossed a boundary. We're no longer in the place where the solar system particles are being made, and we're actually out in the interstellar medium," said Marc Swisdak, associate research scientist in the Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics at the University of Maryland. Swisdak was not involved in the new study, but has worked with Voyager data.

Magnetic field measurements suggested otherwise. Researchers had expected to see stark changes in magnetic field direction when the probe crossed out of the heliosphere, but that wasn't supported by measurements from the probe.

Swisdak and colleagues published a modeling study suggesting that the particle data is more relevant, and that the magnetic field might not change as much as people thought. They proposed a crossing-over date of July 27 -- about a month sooner than the new study.

The specific date will likely be debated for some time, Swisdak said. One possible explanation is that if the heliosphere is analogous to an air-conditioned room, Voyager stepped through the doorway into a hot room on July 27. For a month it was in a metaphorical room with a mixture of hot and cold air, and finally entered the truly hot part on August 25.

Puzzles still surround the magnetic field at the edge of the heliosphere, Stone said, and "We're going to be prepared to have more surprises."

NASA sends unmanned rocket to the moon

What else is out there?

Voyager 1 has only 68 KB of memory on board -- far less than a smartphone, said Suzanne Dodd, Voyager project manager. Scientists communicate with the spacecraft every day.

"It's the little spacecraft that could," she said in a NASA press conference.

The probe now has a totally new mission, Stone said.

"We're now on the first mission to explore interstellar space," he said. "We will now look and learn in detail how the wind which is outside, that came from these other stars, is deflected around the heliosphere."

Wind -- made of particles -- from these other stars has to go around the heliosphere the way a water in a stream flows around a rock, Stone said. Scientists are interested in learning more about the interaction between our solar wind and wind from other stars.

Natural radioactive decay provides heat that generates enough electricity to help Voyager 1 communicate with Earth. The first science instrument will be turned off in 2020, and the last one will be shut down in 2025, Stone said.

Both Voyager probes carry time capsules known as "the golden record," a 12-inch, gold-plated copper disc with images and sounds so that extraterrestrials could learn about us. Let's hope they can build appropriate record players.

Voyager 2 will likely leave the heliosphere in about three to four years, Stone said.

Its plasma instrument is still working, Stone said, so scientists can directly measure the stellar wind's density, speed and temperature. That also means that when it crosses out of the heliosphere, Voyager 2 will send a clearer signal.

At that time, it will join its twin in the vast nothingness between stars that used to be beyond our reach.

ANTS


Proverbs 30:25
Ants aren't a strong species, yet they prepare their food in the summer.

The word myrmecology was coined by William Morton Wheeler (1865–1937), although human interest in the life of ants goes back further, with numerous ancient folk references. The earliest scientific thinking based on observation of ant life was that of Auguste Forel (1848–1931), a Swiss psychologist who initially was interested in ideas of instinct, learning, and society. In 1874 he wrote a book on the ants of Switzerland, Les fourmis de la Suisse, and he named his home La Fourmilière (the ant colony). Forel's early studies included attempts to mix species of ants in a colony. He noted polydomy and monodomy in ants and compared them with the structure of nations.

Wheeler looked at ants in a new light, in terms of their social organization, and in 1910 he delivered a lecture at Woods Hole on the “The Ant-Colony as an Organism,” which pioneered the idea of superorganisms. Wheeler considered trophallaxis or the sharing of food within the colony as the core of ant society. This was studied using a dye in the food and observing how it spread in the colony.

Some, such as Horace Donisthorpe, worked on the systematics of ants. This tradition continued in many parts of the world until advances in other aspects of biology were made. The advent of genetics, ideas in ethology and its evolution led to new thought. This line of enquiry was pioneered by E. O. Wilson, who founded the field termed as sociobiology.

Certain Ants are Used as Living Food Storage Vessels

Today I found out some ants are used as living food storage vessels by their colony.

While honey bees will collect and store their food in combs, certain species of ants take a different route, using the bodies of some of their fellow ants, often the larger bodied ants of the colony called “majors”, to store what they need. Worker ants bring the “honey” or “honeypot” ants things like nectar, water, body fluids and fats (from prey such as caterpillars and termites) to store in case of drought or other times where resources are scarce. Depending on the size of the colony, there may even be thousands of these honeypot ants in a single nest, doing nothing but sitting there and waiting for their stored sustenance to be needed.

As the other worker ants bring the liquid foods to the honeypot ants, their gasters (rear portion of the ant) will swell larger and larger until they become so big they can’t move around. This isn’t that big of a deal for them as they also tend to become so big that they wouldn’t be able to leave the nest anyways as the paths out are too small. These honeypot worker ants can even swell to as large as a small grape.

In order to retrieve food from the honeypot ants, other worker ants will stroke the antennae of the living storage vessels. When this happens, the honeypot ant will regurgitate a little of the sweet liquid it has stored in its abdomen for the worker to eat or distribute elsewhere, such as feeding the queen.

Given the fact that honeypot ants contain such a rich source of tasty liquids inside themselves, they tend to be sought out by predators, even humans. As such, they usually are “stored” deep within the nest to protect them. Nevertheless, Honey Badgers and other such predators will seek out these swollen ants and eat them when they find them. Some Native American tribes, as well as Aborigines, were also known to regularly harvest honeypot ants, biting off the swollen abdomen for a sweet treat.

Most species of ants actually have the ability to do something similar to honeypot ants. Specifically, they have two stomachs, one for their own use, and one for storing food for the colony’s use. This second stomach is capable of swelling a bit to hold liquids for transport back to the nest. Once back, they can then regurgitate this liquid for other ants in the nest to consume. With honeypot ants, their storage organ is simply capable of expanding to a much larger volume than what is possible in most other types of ants.

Many species of ants communicate with their nest-mates using chemical scents known as pheromones. Pheromones can be used in many ways by ants and other animals (including humans), but we are most interested in how ants use pheromones to direct each other through their environment---this particular task is closely related to the problem of directing the flow of information through a network.

Consider a colony of ants that is searching for food. Casual observation of an ant colony will reveal that ants often walk in a straight line between their anthill and the food source. The concept of an "army" of ants marching in file has permeated popular culture, and most people who live in ant-friendly locations (nearly every human-friendly place in the world) have seen this particular behavior first-hand. Marching in a straight line, which is usually the shortest route, seems like an obvious solution to the problem of efficient food transportation, and we might pass it off as uninteresting.

Of course, we humans would do the same thing, and in fact we do march in lines along direct routes when we travel in groups as caravans. When we look down at a line of ants from above, we might simply think "so what?" But we have huge brains compared to ants, along with extraordinarily complicated visual systems (over 25% of the human brain is devoted to vision), and we also have a more elevated view of the terrain. Even with these advantages, efficient route-finding, especially through an environment that is full of obstacles, is not an easy task for us. Given ants' comparatively simpler brains, we cannot pass their collectively intelligent route-finding off as trivial. So how do they do it?

Suppose that an ant colony starts out with no information about the location food in the environment. The human strategy in this case would be to send out a "search party" to comb the surrounding area---the scouts who find food can bring some back to the home-base and inform the others about where the food is. Ants do search for food by walking randomly, which is similar to the human "combing" approach, but two issues prevent ants from implementing a human-style search party directly. First, how can an ant-scout, upon discovering food, find its way back to the nest? Second, even if a scout makes it back to the nest, how can it inform the other ants about the food's location? The answers lie in a clever use of pheromones.

Monday, January 12, 2015

SUGONG ANAK



Osama Zah: Kung gnun jan s john 17:1,18 sugo lng xai. "Sent me" dw eh. Ely Sabactani hnd pla xai god kc cnugo lng dw eh.



Sagot:



Itaas mo ang John 17..... sa verse 1 makikita mo kung anong URI ng sugo yang si JESUS  ......ANAK yan .....kaya Sugong ANAK NG DIOS yan ....ito ang ating mababasa



"Ang mga bagay na ito ay sinalita ni Jesus; at sa pagtingala ng kaniyang mga mata sa langit, ay sinabi niya, Ama, dumating na ang oras; luwalhatiin mo ang iyong Anak, upang ikaw ay luwalhatiin ng Anak: (Juan 17:1)


Mag-Ama pala ito ?Ano ang patunay na ang Dios Ama ay may Anak.


Sino ang sumampa sa langit, at bumaba? Sino ang pumisan ng hangin sa kaniyang mga dakot? Sinong nagtali ng tubig sa kaniyang kasuutan? Sinong nagtatag ng lahat ng mga wakas ng lupa? Ano ang kaniyang pangalan, at ano ang pangalan ng kaniyang anak kung iyong nalalaman? (Kawikaan 30:4)



At sino itong Anak?



Walang taong nakakita kailan man sa Dios (Ama); ang bugtong na Anak, na nasa sinapupunan ng Ama, siya ang nagpakilala sa kanya.(Juan 1:18)


Ito pala ang Bugtong na Anak ng Ama na nasa sinapupunan ng Ama buhat sa pasimula at kasama ng Ama.(Juan 1:1-2)


Nagsugo ba ang Dios Ama  ng kanyang Anak 



Ito ang ating mababasa:



Ang Dios, na nagsalita nang unang panahon sa ating mga magulang sa iba't ibang panahon at sa iba't ibang paraan sa pamamagitan ng mga propeta,Ay nagsalita sa atin sa mga huling araw na ito sa pamamagitan, ng kaniyang Anak, na siyang itinalaga na tagapagmana ng lahat ng mga bagay, na sa pamamagitan naman niya'y ginawa ang sanglibutan; Palibhasa'y siyang sinag ng kaniyang kaluwalhatian, at tunay na larawan ng kaniyang pagka-Dios..."Nguni't tungkol sa Anak ay sinasabi, Ang iyong luklukan, Oh Dios, ay magpakailan man; At ang setro ng katuwiran ay siyang setro ng iyong kaharian.  (Heb.1:1-3,8)

Oh Dios ang tawag ng Ama sa kanyang Anak samakatuwid kinikilala din ng Ama na itong kanyang Anak ay dios.



Dahil dito Isinugo ng Amang Dios ang Anak niya para Magligtas ng sanlibutan.



Sapagka't gayon na lamang ang pagsinta ng Dios sa sanglibutan, na ibinigay niya ang kaniyang bugtong na Anak, upang ang sinomang sa kaniya'y sumampalataya ay huwag mapahamak, kundi magkaroon ng buhay na walang hanggan. Sapagka't hindi sinugo ng Dios ang Anak sa sanglibutan upang hatulan ang sanglibutan; kundi upang ang sanglibutan ay maligtas sa pamamagitan niya. (Juan 3:16-17)


kaya bumaba ang ANAK NG DIOS sa lupa mula sa langit para tuparin ang kalooban ng kanyang Amang Dios.



Sapagka't bumaba akong mula sa langit, hindi upang gawin ko ang aking sariling kalooban, kundi ang kalooban ng nagsugo sa akin. (Juan 6:38)

At dinalaw ng Dios ang mga Gentil upang kumuha sa kanila ng bayan sa kanyang PANGALAN upang Iligtas.

Sinaysay na ni Simeon kung paanong dinalaw na una ng Dios ang mga Gentil, upang kumuha sa kanila ng isang bayan sa kaniyang pangalan. (Mga Gawa 15:14)

At siya'y manganganak ng isang lalake; at ang pangalang itatawag mo sa kaniya'y JESUS; sapagka't ililigtas niya ang kaniyang bayan sa kanilang mga kasalanan. (Mateo 1:21)

Kaya nagkatawang tao ang Anak ng Dios.(Juan 1:1-3,14,18 Filipos 2:5-8) sumanib siya loob ng laman.(Lucas 1:28,35,Col.2:9)at pinanganak ng isang dalaga sa katauhan ng berhing si Maria.(Isaias 9:6,Mateo.1:23).at sa gayon ang Dios ay sumasa atin.(Mat.1:23,2Cro.32:8) at tumahan sa Gitna natin.(Juan 1:1-3,14) ng mahayag ito sa laman.(1Tim.3:16)



Sa makatuwid baga'y si Jesus na taga Nazaret, kung paanong siya'y pinahiran ng Dios (Ama) ng Espiritu Santo at ng kapangyarihan: na naglilibot na gumagawa ng mabuti, at nagpapagaling sa lahat ng mga pinahihirapan ng diablo; sapagka't sumasa kaniya (sa laman) ang Dios (na Anak). (Mga Gawa 10:38)


Dahil ANAK NG AMA....  TUNAY NA DIOS ang ANAK na isinugo... At nalalaman natin na naparito ang Anak ng Dios, at tayo'y binigyan ng pagkaunawa, upang ating makilala siya na totoo, at tayo'y nasa kaniya na totoo, sa makatuwid ay sa kaniyang Anak na si Jesucristo. Ito ang tunay na Dios, at ang buhay na walang hanggan. (1 Juan 5:20)



Sinisintang ANAK ng Ama na lubos na kinalulugdan.



At narito, ang isang tinig na mula sa mga langit, na nagsasabi, Ito ang sinisinta kong Anak, na siya kong lubos na kinalulugdan.(Mateo 3:17)

Ang Anak ay ang Panginoong ang Banal ng Israel ang  Manunubos at Tagapagligtas.(Isaias 43:14,11) na tutubos sa kanyang Bayan sa kanilang mga kasalanan.(Mateo 1:21) sa pamamagitan ng kanyang mahalagang dugo (1 Ped.1:18-19).na ng buhos  sa ibabaw  ng krus.(1 Ped.2:24) upang dalhin ang kasalanan ng marami sa ikaliligtas sa ikapagpapatawad ng kasalanan sa pamamagitan ng dugo ng tipan samakatuwid ng dugo ni Kristo na Panginoon natin.(Heb.9:28,20,22).