Monday, March 31, 2014



And God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the cattle that was with him in the ark: and God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters asswaged;The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven was restrained;And the waters returned from off the earth continually: and after the end of the hundred and fifty days the waters were abated.And the ark rested in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, upon the mountains of Ararat.And the waters decreased continually until the tenth month: in the tenth month, on the first day of the month, were the tops of the mountains seen. And it came to pass at the end of forty days, that Noah opened the window of the ark which he had made:(Genesis 8:1-6)


The Biblical Location

There is only one verse in the Bible which gives us a hint of where we the ark came to rest, "the ark rested...upon themountains of Ararat." Genesis 8:4. Where is Ararat? The name Ararat is a large area or ancient country covering eastern Turkey, western Iran and western Russia, as shown in yellow below. 

"The name Ararat, as it appears in the Bible, is the Hebrew equivalent of "Urartu", ancient country of southwest Asia...mentioned in Assyrian sources from the early 13th century BC" Encyclopaedia Britanica 15th ed. Some have mistakenly assumed the Bible meant the ark came to rest on Mount Ararat (Agri Dagh), but that is not the case. Mount Ararat is 17,000 feet tall, and is a post-Flood volcanic mountain that gained its height after the Flood, therefore there is no reason to assume it is a more likely candidate for the resting place of the ark, instead it is a less likely candidate. The ark came to rest in the mountains of the ancient country of Urartu, not on Mt. Ararat.

The Ancient Historical Record 

Flavius Josephus, c. 90 AD, the famous Jewish historian stated, "Its remains are shown there by the inhabitants to this day." He quotes Berosus the Chaldean, c. 290 BC, who indicated tourists would take home pieces of the ark for making good-luck charms, "It is said there is still some part of this ship in Armenia, at the mountain of the Cordyaeans; and that some people carry off pieces of the bitumen, which they take away, and use chiefly as amulets for the averting of mischiefs." These comments tend to indicate its location would not be in an inaccessible area. At some point, the ark was covered by a mud and lava flow which caused future generations to lose its location.

Life Magazine 1960

The 1960 expedition to the ark found a formation whose top sides were even with ground level as seen in the photos above. The site researched by Ron Wyatt is 18.2 miles south of Mount Ararat at the elevation of 6,524 ft., in the "mountains of Ararat." A Turkish captain, Llhan Durupinar, was reviewing NATO Geodetic Survey photographs of the area in 1959, and noticed a boat shaped formation. Others in the U.S. then analyzed the photograph including Dr. Arthur J. Brandenburger, world famous expert in photogrammetry, who said "I have no doubt at all that this object is a ship. In my entire career I have never seen an object like this on a stereo photo. Even the approximate length of the object fits" The Ark File, p118. An expedition sponsored by a party from the U.S. included among others, Rene Noorbergen, later author of The Ark File; and George Vandeman, evangelist, and Dr. Brandenburger. They made a visual inspection of the site and conducted no scientific studies, only some digging and dynamiting of the ark and and mistakenly concluded this site was just an "odd geological formation." The expedition was expecting to find on the surface of the ark "petrified beams" The Ark File, p126, by digging in a few places. An article then appeared in the September 5th, 1960, Life magazine, shown above, revealing a very impressive aerial photo of an extremely large boat-shaped object, plus two photos taken by the expedition. Seventeen years later in 1977, Mr. Wyatt made his first of 24 trips to the ark, and he was impressed that this really was the remains of Noah's Ark! In the research he performed over the next 15 years, Mr. Wyatt successfully performed metal detection tests and subsurface radar scans of the site, and he proved this site really IS the mud-and-lava covered remains of Noah's Ark! 

Above: Ron Wyatt in 1977 wanted to visit the area to find the ark, but none of the 1960 group could tell him where it was located, just some where near Mt. Ararat. Ron had three days in the area, so he and his two sons prayed that the Lord would help them. They hired a taxi and started driving around, then the taxi stalled. They were surprised, and quickly piled up stones to mark the spot. The car then started and they drove off. This happened three times. The next day Ron went back to the piles of stones and walked out from them. He found the ark, the anchor stones that you will see, and the remains of Noah's house. God had performed miracles to partner with Ron in revealing this amazing discovery.

Monday, March 24, 2014


Can Life survive without sun "Photosynthesis
 " The Answer is "YES"

The Bible give the idea that there is life survived without sun photosythesis  this process called the "Chemosynthesis"

"And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good.And the evening and the morning were the third day.And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.And the evening and the morning were the fourth day. [Gen.1:11-19]

In biochemistry, chemosynthesis is the biological conversion of one or more carbon molecules (usually carbon dioxide or methane) and nutrients into organic matter using the oxidation of inorganic molecules (e.g. hydrogen gas, hydrogen sulfide) or methane as a source of energy, rather than sunlight, as in photosynthesis. Chemoautotrophs, organisms that obtain carbon through chemosynthesis, are phylogenetically diverse, but groups that include conspicuous or biogeochemically-important taxa include the sulfur-oxidizing gamma and epsilon proteobacteria, theaquificaeles, the methanogenic archaea and the neutrophilic iron-oxidizing bacteria.

Venenivibrio stagnispumantis gains energy by oxidizing hydrogen gas.

Many microorganisms in dark regions of the oceans also use chemosynthesis to produce biomass from single carbon molecules. Two categories can be distinguished. In the rare sites at which hydrogen molecules (H2) are available, the energy available from the reaction between CO2 and H2 (leading to production of methane, CH4) can be large enough to drive the production of biomass. Alternatively, in most oceanic environments, energy for chemosynthesis derives from reactions in which substances such as hydrogen sulfide or ammonia are oxidized. This may occur with or without the presence of oxygen.

Many chemosynthetic microorganisms are consumed by other organisms in the ocean, and symbiotic associations between chemosynthesizers and respiring heterotrophs are quite common. Large populations of animals can be supported by chemosynthetic secondary production at hydrothermal vents, methane clathrates, cold seeps, whale falls, and isolated cave water.


Earth version of lake of Fire:

Lake of Fire "molten magma  beneath the earth 

" And the beast was seized, and with him the false prophet who performed the signs in his presence, by which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image; these two were thrown alive into the lake of fire which burns with brimstone.[Rev.19:20]

Where does lava come from?

The U.S. Government National Park Service answers: Rocks that are moving upward in the mantle beneath begin to melt

about 40 to 60 miles (60 to 100 km) depth. The molten rock, called magma , rises because of its relatively low density. The magma

"ponds" in a reservoir 1 to 4 miles (2 to 6 km) beneath the summit. The magma can follow fractures up to the crater and produce a

summit eruption.

Lava is "rocks that are moving upward in the mantle beneath
(the earth) begin to melt about 40 to 60 miles (60 to 100 km) depth" 

Here is what the University of California San Diego / Scripps Institution Of Oceanography says about the center of the earth (hell earth):Q How does a volcano form? Is this a hotspot?
—Submitted by 4th through 6th grade students in the "Marine Biologist for a Week" Summer Learning Adventure Camp
at Birch Aquarium at Scripps

A The earth is made up of several different layers. At its
center is a solid metal core that is surrounded
by a liquid metal core, and both layers are extremely hot. The next layer is the mantle, which is mostly solid and only slightly cooler. The top layer
of solid rock is the earth's crust, the surface on which we live.

The mantle, though not as hot as the earth's core, is hot enough that some rocks start to melt. This molten rock, called magma,
is less dense than the surrounding rocks in the mantle. Due to this difference in density, the magma is pushed upward with great
force, similar to a helium balloon rising up through the denser surrounding air. The magma is called lava when it reaches the earth's
surface. When the lava, hot gases, ash, and rock fragments escape from deep inside our planet through holes and cracks in the crust, the lava cools
and hardens and eventually starts to build up and form a volcano.

Lava flows on Hawaii's Kilauea volcano.

Photo courtesy of U.S. Geological Survey. 

Volcanoes can only form in certain parts of our planet. The earth's crust is broken into plates that "float" on the denser

mantle below. These plates are constantly moving and most earthquakes and volcanoes occur where two plates come together or move away from each other. Occasionally volcanoes can form right in the middle of a plate. These so-called

"hotspot" volcanoes are created when a narrow stream of
hot mantle rises up from deep inside the earth and
melts a hole in the plate so that the magma can ooze upward. The Hawaiian islands,

for example, are a result of hotspot volcano formations near the center of the giant Pacific plate. —Evelyn Füri, graduate student, Geosciences Research Division
University of California San Diego / Scripps Institution Of Oceanography

Outer core:
The outer core is at 1,800 - 3,200 miles (2,890-5,150 km) below the earth's surface. The outer core is liquid and mainly
consists of iron, some nickel and about 10% sulphur and oxygen. The temperature in the outer core is about 7200 - 9032 ºF
(4000-5000ºC). The density of the outer core is between the 10g/cm³ and 12,3g/cm³. The outer core and inner core together
cause the earth's magnetism. Question: Does this outer core tell us where the hell place is if one were to go to hell?

The earth is divided into four main layers: the inner core, outer core, mantle,
and crust. The core is composed mostly of iron (Fe) and is so
hot that the outer core is molten, with about 10% sulphur (S). The inner core is under such extreme pressure that it remains solid. Most of the Earth's mass is in the mantle, which is composed of
iron (Fe), magnesium (Mg), aluminum (Al), silicon (Si), and oxygen (O) silicate compounds. At over 1000 degrees C, the mantle is solid
but can deform slowly in a plastic manner. The crust is much thinner than any of the other layers, and is composed of the least dense
calcium (Ca) and sodium (Na) aluminum-silicate minerals. Being relatively cold, the crust is rocky and brittle, so it can fracture in earthquakes.Question: to ask where is hell? does one need to consider if the hell
place, hell hole, hades hell, 

The outer core of the earth is molten with 10% SULFUR? 
What is Sulfur? What is Brimstone?

Merriam-Webster DICTIONARY DEFINITION Main Entry: sul·fur 
Variant(s): also sul·phur = a nonmetallic element that occurs either free or combined especially
in sulfides and sulfates, is a constituent of proteins, exists in several allotropic forms including yellow orthorhombic crystals, resembles oxygen chemically but is less active and more acidic. Brimstone is
an alternative name for sulfur.

A volcano in Java, Indonesia, produces yellow deposits of sulfur that prove to be easy but dangerous pickings for a man collecting the mineral. Sulfur often combines into sulfides or sulfates. The nonmetallic element heals and destroys: Doctors use sulfur to treat fungal infections, but it is also a component of gunpowder. Sulfuric acid is an important industrial agent.[]

Sunday, March 23, 2014


International Standard Version:

"In that place, worms never die, and the fire is never put out.[Mark 9:48]

The Pompeii worm, Alvinella pompejana, is a species of deep-sea polychaete worm (commonly referred to as "bristle worms"). It is an extremophilefound only at hydrothermal vents in the Pacific Ocean, discovered in the early 1980s off the Galápagos Islands by French marine biologists.

In 1980 Daniel Desbruyères and Lucien Laubier, just few years after the discovery of the first hydrothermal vent system, identified one of the most heat-tolerant animals on Earth — Alvinella pompejana, the Pompeii worm. It was described as a deep-sea polychaete that resides in tubes near hydrothermal vents, along the seafloor. In 1997, marine biologist Craig Cary and colleagues found the same worms in a new section of Pacific Ocean, near Costa Rica, also attached to hydrothermal vents. The new discovery and subsequent work led to important progress in the scientific knowledge of these special worms.

They can reach up to 5 inches in length and are pale gray, with red tentacle-like gills on their heads. Perhaps most fascinating, their tail ends are often resting in temperatures as high as 176°F (80°C), while their feather-like heads stick out of the tubes into water that is a much cooler, 72°F (22°C). Scientists are attempting to understand how Pompeii worms can withstand such extreme temperatures by studying the bacteria that form a "fleece-like" covering on their backs. Living in a symbiotic relationship, the worms secrete mucus from tiny glands on their backs to feed the bacteria, and in return, they are protected by some degree of insulation. The bacteria have also been discovered to be chemolithotrophic, contributing to the ecology of the vent community. Recent research suggests the bacteria might play an important role in the feeding of the worms.

Attaching themselves to black smokers, the worms have been found to thrive at temperatures of up to 80°C (176°F), making the Pompeii worm the most heat-tolerant complex animal known to science after the tardigrades (or water bears), which are able to survive temperatures over 150°C.

While it is not yet known precisely how the Pompeii worm survives these severe vent conditions, scientists suspect the answer lies in the fleece-like bacteria "Thermophiles" on the worm's back; this layer may be up to 1 cm thick. The bacteria may possess special proteins, "eurythermal enzymes", providing the bacteria—and by extension the worms—protection from a wide range of temperatures. The bacteria may also provide thermal insulation. Studies are hampered by the difficulties of sampling; to date, Pompeii worms have not survived decompression.

Two Thousand Years ago is already revealed in the Holy Bible that there a is WORM that live in survive in high temperatures of fire and heat "POMPEII WORM survive 176°F (80°C)

Extremophiles are organisms that have been discovered on earth that survive in environments that were once thought not to be able to sustain life. These extreme environments include intense heat, highly acidic environments, extreme pressure and extreme cold. Different organisms have developed varying ways of adapting to these environments, but most scientists agree that it is unlikely that life on Earth originated under 
such extremes.

Adapting to Extreme Heat

One type of extremophiles is called thermophiles. These organisms can survive at very high temperatures. In the 1960s, heat resistant bacteria were discovered in hot springs in Yellowstone National Park. This bacteria, thermus aquaticus thrives at temperatures of 70°C (160°F) but can survive temperatures of 50°C to 80°C (120°F to 175°F). A few years after these were discovered, other bacteria were found living under even more extreme conditions. Hydrothermal vents were discovered deep in the ocean and under such high pressure that the water boils at 340°C. It was a surprise to researchers to discover bacteria living and thriving in the vents at such extreme temperatures and pressures. Not only were there bacteria, but centimeters away where the water was cooler, was a complete ecosystem living off the bacteria. There were clams and tubeworms among other species. All of these organisms are sustained not from photosynthesis, but from the energy and carbon dioxide from the vents.

Some scientists believe that these vents may have been the origin of the first life on Earth. Others argue that because the chemistry these organisms use is based on (SO42-), it could not have developed until photosynthesis had developed elsewhere on Earth, because it was the development of photosynthesis that gave the ocean its current oxygen saturation.

Adapting to Extreme Cold

Other extremophiles have developed ways to cope with cold. Deep ocean water is as a fairly constant temperature of 2°C, but because of its salt content, in colder areas, ocean water can reach temperatures as low at -12°C without freezing. Extremophiles known as psychrophiles are known to survive at these low temperatures. Different species have come up with different ways to survive these cold temperatures. Some have developed substances, such as glycerol or antifreeze proteins which lower the freezing point of water by several degrees.

The main danger to organisms of freezing is the damage caused by ice crystals as water freezes and expands. Some species of frogs and turtles have proteins which actually facilitate the freezing of body liquids. If the animal’s body liquids begin to freeze, a chain reaction is started and all of the body’s liquids freeze rapidly. This prevents the formation of ice crystals large enough to do any damage. Many kinds of microorganisms can survive freezing and thawing, as long as the problem of ice crystals is avoided. This can be accomplished in a laboratory by flash freezing - freezing the organisms very quickly in liquid nitrogen.

Some organisms have adapted to cold environments by forming symbiotic relationships with other organisms. Lichens are composite organisms that form when fungi form symbiotic partnerships with a photosynthetic partner - either an algae or a cyanobacteria. These lichens live on many rock surfaces in Antarctica, one of the driest, coldest environments on Earth and this partnership allows each species to survive and thrive in these environments.

Adapting to Extreme Pressure

There are many organisms on the ocean floor, even at great depths. Life has been found 11 km deep in the Mariana Trench. At this depth, organisms are under a pressure of 1,100 atmospheres. These organisms are difficult to study because creating such a high pressure environment in a laboratory is extremely challenging.
Isolated Ecosystems

There are still ecosystems on Earth that have not yet been explored. Some very interesting ones are high pressure underground lakes under the ice cap in Antarctica. These lakes are kept warm by geothermal energy and insulated by kilometers of ice above. These lakes have been separate from the rest of the Earth’s biosphere for millions of years, if not much longer or perhaps their whole existence. Scientists have drilled into one of the lakes, Lake Vostok, and plan to send a robot to collect water samples. This environment may be similar to some of the moons of Jupiter so exploring this environment and others like it are of particular interest to astrobiologists.


Tardigrades are impressive organisms. Also known as water bears because of their appearance, they have two strategies for survival in extreme environments. In case of flooding, these microscopic animals can inflate themselves into a balloon-like form and float to the surface of the water to get oxygen. They have another strategy which makes them one of the heartiest organisms known. In the case of drought or cold, these little animals can replace most of the water in their bodies with a sugar called trehalose. These sugar solutions do not form damaging ice crystals when frozen, and tardigrades have survived for over a century in museum samples, and many tardigrades survived a 12 day journey into the cold vacuum of space onboard the FOTON M3. Tardigrades protected by a UV filter almost all survived. Most of the ones without the filter did not.

Life Below Earth’s Surface: "Life Organism live earth Beneath"

"Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth:[Exodus 20:4]

The astrophysicist Thomas Gold believed that the coal and oil underneath the Earth’s surface are not the long dead remains of plant matter and algae, but instead were incorporated into the Earth’s crust during accretion. He believed that these hydrocarbons provide the carbon for an underground ecosystem, perhaps completely isolated from our biosphere.

Several groups have now discovered microbes by digging many kilometers into the Earth’s crust and mantle. Some of these organisms were then tested to see if they could survive in those underground conditions, which would prove that they were not the result of contamination during the drilling process. Some of these microbes were put into a sealed flask with hot water, carbon dioxide and basalt for a year, and not only did they survive, they thrived under these conditions.

Whatever the source of the petroleum may be, (and most geologists still believe that it was formed by the remains of plant matter) there seem to be at least some forms of life living and thriving in it.

The variety of adaptations organisms make - to extreme temperatures and other extremes such as very acidic or very alkaline conditions - are very diverse. Biologically it is typically easier for organisms to adapt to chemical extremes than to physical extremes like temperature and high pressure.

One thing to keep in mind, is that even with life being found in such extreme location on Earth - under great pressure, at high temperatures, within solid rock - this is not evidence that life could form under these conditions. Many scientists believe that a more agreeable environment including liquid water, moderate pressure, and temperatures similar to those found on the surface of Earth would be needed for life to arise.

Tuesday, March 18, 2014

Researchers revive moss trapped in Antarctic ice for 1,600 years

New American Standard Bible
"I planted, Apollos watered, but God was causing the growth.[1Corinthians 3:6]

The revival of a 32,000-year-old flowering plant buried deep in Siberian soil was big newsin 2012. The idea that researchers could resurrect past plant life by cloning the genetic material contained in frozen fruiting tissue seemed to come right out of a sci-fi novel. But a study published yesterday in Current Biology may actually deserve more attention, as scientists have now demonstrated that some plants need far less help with regaining life, the Associated Press reports. Using only heat and water, researchers were able to revive a 1,600-year-old Antarctic moss, making Chorisodontium aciplyllum the oldest multicellular organism revived to date — and, arguably, one of the hardiest.

"Thou fool, that which thou sowest is not quickened, except it die:And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be, but bare grain, it may chance of wheat, or of some other grain:But God giveth it a body as it hath pleased him, and to every seed his own body. [1 Corinthians 15:36-38]

"THE POTENTIAL CLEARLY EXISTS FOR MUCH LONGER SURVIVAL."Buried on Signy Island, the thawed moss started greening with new shoots after only three weeks of light care in a UK laboratory. The ease with which this plant was revived, the researchers wrote in the study, is a sign that "the potential clearly exists for much longer survival."The finding could help scientists re-evaluate how we decide whether an organism is alive or dead, the Associated Press reports. And, much like the recent revival of a previously unknown form of giant virus in Siberia, this discovery hints at the possible repercussions of climate change. Should the ground continue to thaw in regions of Alaska, Russia, and Greenland, we may see the reemergence of a number of organisms with astonishing survival skills.


Ano  ang Ibig sabihin ng Colosas 1:15  na si Kristo "Ang Panganay ng lahat ng mga nilalang"

"Na siya ang larawan ng Dios na di nakikita, ang panganay ng lahat ng mga nilalang;(Col. 1:15)

Totoo ba na ang Kahulugan nito ay "Nilalang lang si Kristo at hindi kasama sa pagiging ka-manlalalang ng Dios.(Gen.1:16).

Ano ba ibig sabhin na si Kristo ay "ANG PANGANAY NG LAHAT NG MGA NILALANG. sa Greek ay "prototokos pas ktisis " hindi ito nanganaghulugan na si Kristo ay kasama sa mga nilalang o kauna-unahang nilalang.

Kasi ang kauna-unahan nilalang ng Dios sa pasimula ay ang mga Langit at ang lupa kung si Kristo ang panganay sa lahat ng mga nilalang lalabas nito na lumikha muna ang Dios ng Kristo bago niya nilikha ang mga langit at ang lupa.

"Nang pasimula ay nilikha ng Dios ang mga langit at ang lupa.(Gen.1:1)

Ano ba Biblical na Kahulugan na si Kristo "Ang Panganay ng lahat ng mga nilalang ito ang sagot ng Biblia?

"Sapagka't sa kaniya nilalang ang lahat na mga bagay, sa sangkalangitan at sa sangkalupaan, na mga bagay na nakikita at ang mga bagay na di nakikita, maging mga luklukan o mga pagsakop o mga pamunuan o mga kapangyarihan; lahat ng mga bagay ay nilalang sa pamamagitan niya at ukol sa kaniya; At siya'y una sa lahat ng mga bagay, at ang lahat ng mga bagay ay nangabubuhay dahil sa kaniya.(Col.1:16-17)

Ang Kahulugan pala na si Kristo "Ang Panganay sa lahat ng mga nilalang nangangahulugan pala ito na si KRISTO ang UNA sa lahat ng mga bagay sapagkat sa kaniya nilalang ang lahat ng mga bagay sapagkat siya ang ALPHA.(Apoc.1:11) 

Samakatuwid itinuturo sa atin na bago nilalang ang lahat ng mga bagay nauna si Kristo sapagkat lahat ng mga bagay nilalang sa pamamagitan niya at walang nilalang kung wala siya. sapagkat siya ang Kasama ng Dios sa pasimula.

"Nang pasimula siya ang Verbo, at ang Verbo ay sumasa Dios, at ang Verbo ay Dios.Ito rin nang pasimula'y sumasa Dios.Ang lahat ng mga bagay ay ginawa sa pamamagitan niya; at alin man sa lahat ng ginawa ay hindi ginawa kung wala siya. (Juan 1:1-3)

At siya (Si Kristo) ay hindi Nilalang kundi Kasama ng Dios na lumalang ng lahat ng mga bagay.

"Christ himself is the Creator who made everything in heaven and earth, the things we can see and the things we can’t; the spirit world with its kings and kingdoms, its rulers and authorities; all were made by Christ for his own use and glory.[Colossians 1:16 TLB]

Tuesday, March 11, 2014


And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengtheneth man's heart.[Psalms 104:15]

Bread made using flour that is partly or entirely milled from whole or almost-whole wheat grains, see whole-wheat flour and whole grain

Studies show that eating whole grains instead of refined grains lowers the risk of many chronic diseases. While benefits are most pronounced for those consuming at least 3 servings daily, some studies show reduced risks from as little as one serving daily. The message: every whole grain in your diet helps!

Of course, these benefits are most pronounced in the context of an overall healthy diet. No one food – even whole grains – will guarantee good health. It's also important to remember that some whole grain foods are healthier than others. Plain grains -- from brown rice and quinoa to wheat berries –– and whole grain pastashould be a regular feature on your table, with processed grains eaten less often. Sure a whole grain cookie is better for you than a refined grain one, all other ingredients being equal -- but it's still a cookie!

Check out the Oldways website for overall diet information and inspiration about the health benefits of traditional diets, including the Mediterranean Diet.


The benefits of whole grains most documented by repeated studies include:
stroke risk reduced 30-36%
type 2 diabetes risk reduced 21-30%
heart disease risk reduced 25-28%
better weight maintenance

Other benefits indicated by recent studies include:
reduced risk of asthma
healthier carotid arteries
reduction of inflammatory disease risk
lower risk of colorectal cancer
healthier blood pressure levels
less gum disease and tooth loss


To support the deliberations of the 2010 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee, Oldways and the Whole Grains Council have compiled a summary of research on whole grains and health that has been undertaken since the 2005 Dietary Guidelines. This PDF report includes information from almost four dozen studies, largely from 2006 to 2008; it augments an earlier compendium from the Bell Institute of Nutrition at General Mills.

Sunday, March 9, 2014


Thou coveredst it with the deep as with a garment: the waters stood above the mountains. At thy rebuke they fled; at the voice of thy thunder they hasted away. They go up by the mountains; they go down by the valleys unto the place which thou hast founded for them. Thou hast set a bound that they may not pass over; that they turn not again to cover the earth. He sendeth the springs into the valleys, which run among the hills. They give drink to every beast of the field: the wild asses quench their thirst.By them shall the fowls of the heaven have their habitation, which sing among the branches. He watereth the hills from his chambers: the earth is satisfied with the fruit of thy works.He causeth the grass to grow for the cattle, and herb for the service of man: that he may bring forth food out of the earth;And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengtheneth man's heart.[Psalms 104:6-15]

Mountain ecosystems are found throughout the world, from the equator almost to the poles, occupying approximately one-fifth of its land surface. Beyond their common characteristics of having high relative relief (or very marked topographic variation) and steep slopes, mountains are remarkably diverse (Ives. Messerli and Spiess, 1997). They are found on every continent, and at every altitude, from close to sea level to the highest place on the earth - the summit of Mount Everest (Sagarmatha or Qomolangma) on the border between Nepal and the Tibet Autonomous Region of China.

Half of the world's population depends on mountain water

An estimated one-tenth of the human population derive their life-support directly from mountains. Yet, mountains are important not only for their inhabitants, but for millions of people living in lowlands. At the global scale, mountains' greatest value may be as sources of all the world's major rivers, and many smaller ones (Mountain Agenda, 1998). Mountains play a critical role in the water cycle by capturing moisture from air masses; when this precipitation falls as snow, it is stored until it melts in the spring and summer, providing essential water for settlements, agriculture and industries downstream - often during the period of lowest rainfall. In semi-arid and arid regions, over 90 percent of river flow comes from the mountains. Even in temperate Europe, the Alps that occupy only 11 percent of the area of the Rhine river basin supply 31 percent of the annual flow - and in summer more than 50 percent.

Mountain water is also a source of hydroelectric power, most of which is used on the plains below. Historically, water wheels have provided energy in mountain regions, mainly for grinding grain. In rural Nepal there are an estimated 25 000 water wheels and over 900 micro-hydropower turbines - a more recent technology - that provide a critical source of energy, mainly for agroprocessing (Schweizer and Preiser, 1997). Such local renewable energy is a vital catalyst for economic development in areas that are at the far ends of the distribution networks for the fossil fuels on which most urban dwellers depend. In developing countries, wood fuel is the predominant energy source in mountain settlements, but it is also essential - whether as wood or charcoal - to many people living in urban centres in the lowlands and on the plains. For example, any visitor to Marrakech can observe the large piles of fuelwood stacked outside communal bakeries, to which every household brings its daily bread to be baked; the wood comes from the forests in the Atlas Mountains.

Mountain wood also has many other uses, including timber and wood products both for local use and, where road, rail or water networks permit, for export. It is significant to note, however, that, while deforestation of the tropical rain forests remains most visible in the global media, the highest rate of deforestation in any biome occurs in tropical upland forests -1.1 percent per year. Rates of clearing are particularly high in Central America, East and Central Africa, Southeast Asia and the Andes (FAO, 1993).


Mountain ecosystems are globally important as centres of biological diversity. The greatest diversity of vascular plant species occurs in mountains: Costa Rica, the tropical eastern Andes, the Atlantic forest of Brazil, the eastern Himalaya-Yunnan region, northern Borneo and Papua New Guinea (Barthlott, Lauer and Placke, 1996). Other important centres are found in arid subtropical mountains. Many of these areas with the greatest biological diversity are designated as national parks or other types of protected area.

Mountains are important centres of biodiversity: mowing mountain meadows to maintain biodiversity, La Vanoise National Park, France

It is not only the diversity of natural mountain species that is of value to humankind, both intrinsically and as a source of "wild foods" such as mushrooms, game and birds, and many other non-timber forest products. Mountains are also important as centres of crop diversity. The maintenance and expansion of mountain populations in many parts of the world have been made possible by the introduction of potatoes and maize from Latin America. The original precursors of wheat came from the mountains of the Near East. These original varieties maintain their importance in the breeding of new varieties of major food crops. Equally, species that are not widely known but are adaptable and nutritious - such as many of the Latin American root and tuber crops which are the focus of research at the International Potato Center (CIP) in Peru - may be potential major sources of food.


[GOD'S WORD® Translation]
"God is enthroned above the earth, and those who live on it are like grasshoppers. He stretches out the sky like a canopy and spreads it out like a tent to live in.[Isaiah 40:22]

[Holman Christian Standard Bible]
"... spreading out the sky like a canopy, [Psalms 104:2]

can·o·py [kan-uh-pee] Show IPA
noun, plural can·o·pies.
a covering

The ozone layer guards and covering against the harmful ultra violet rays from the sun. The ozone layer prevents the occurrence of skin cancer in humans, damage in plants and prevents the death of oceanic life which is caused by exposure too ultra violet rays. The ozone layer is located in the stratosphere level of the atmosphere.

The ozone layer is extremely important to all life on Earth. The ozone layer absorbs 93-99% of all the harmful ultraviolet radiation from the sun.

Without the protective layer of gases that make up Earth's atmosphere, the harsh conditions of the solar system would render the planet a barren, lifeless husk like the moon. The Earth's atmosphere protects and sustains the planet's inhabitants by providing warmth and absorbing harmful solar rays. In addition to containing the oxygen and carbon dioxide, which living things need to survive, the atmosphere traps the sun's energy and wards off many of the dangers of space.


One of the most important benefits the atmosphere provides is maintaining the Earth’s temperature. On the moon, which has no protective atmosphere, temperatures can range from 121 degrees Celsius in the sun (250 degrees Fahrenheit) to negative 157 degrees Celsius in the shade (negative 250 degrees Fahrenheit). On Earth, however, molecules in the atmosphere absorb the sun’s energy as it arrives, spreading that warmth across the planet. The molecules also trap reflected energy from the surface, preventing the night side of the planet from becoming too cold.


The atmosphere serves as a protective shield against radiation and cosmic rays. The sun bombards the solar system with ultraviolet radiation, and without protection, that radiation can cause severe damage to skin and eyes. The ozone layer high in the Earth’s atmosphere blocks much of this radiation from reaching the surface. Dense layers of molecular gases also absorb cosmic rays, gamma rays and x-rays, preventing these energetic particles from striking living things and causing mutations and other genetic damage. Even during a solar flare, which can greatly increase the damaging output of the sun, the atmosphere is able to block most of the harmful effects.


The solar system may seem like a vast and empty place, but in reality it is full of debris and small particles leftover from planetary creation or collisions in the asteroid belt. According to NASA, more than 100 tons of space debris strikes Earth every single day, mostly in the form of dust and tiny particles. When they encounter the molecules that make up Earth’s atmosphere, however, the resulting friction destroys them long before they reach the ground. Even larger meteors can break up due to the stresses of atmospheric re-entry, making catastrophic meteor strikes an incredibly rare occurrence. Without the physical protection of the atmosphere, the surface of the Earth would resemble that of the moon, pockmarked with impact craters.

Friday, March 7, 2014


And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever.[Rev.5:13]

Nasa research indicating that half of the stars in the universe are orbited by planets much like Earth has reignited speculation about the existence of alien life.

The Bible mention about other creature which is in Heaven or Space this speculation about existence of  extraterrestrial life in other planets outside our solar system or Galaxy that also God's creation because God is not only a God of earth but a God of Whole Universe 

Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.[Romans 8:39]

Experts examining results from the Kepler telescope have identified more than 1,200 planets in orbit around distant stars, 54 of which are a similar size to Earth and in habitable zones from their suns.

The research follows several recent discoveries which point to the possibility of life on other planets.

Last year, Nasa scientists claimed they had found vital clues which appeared to indicate that primitive aliens could be living on Titan, one of Saturn’s biggest moons.

Data from Nasa's Cassini probe revealed the complex chemistry on the surface of Titan, which experts say is the only moon around the planet to have a dense atmosphere.

Experts suggested that life forms may have been breathing in the planet’s atmosphere and also feeding on its surface’s fuel.

A research paper, in the journal Icarus, claimed that hydrogen gas flowing throughout the planet’s atmosphere disappeared at the surface. This suggested that alien forms could in fact breathe.

A second paper, in the Journal of Geophysical Research, concluded that there was lack of the chemical on the surface Scientists were then led to believe it had been possibly consumed by life.

Researchers had expected sunlight interacting with chemicals in the atmosphere to produce acetylene gas. But the Cassini probe did not detect any such gas.

In 2008, astronomers found organic chemicals on a planet outside our solar system, which was also heralded as a milestone in the hunt for extraterrestrial life

Over the years many hints have emerged that there might be life beyond Earth. New Scientist looks at 10 of the most hotly-debated discoveries.

1. 1976, The Viking Mars landers detect chemical signatures indicative of life

2. 1977, The unexplained extraterrestrial "Wow!" signal is detected by an Ohio State University radio telescope

3. 1996, Martian "fossils" are discovered in meteorite ALH80041 from Antarctica

4. 2001, A more rigorous estimate of the "Drake equation" suggests that our galaxy may contain hundreds of thousands of life-bearing planets

5. 2001, The red tinge of Jupiter's moon Europa proposed to be due to frozen bits of bacteria, which also helps explain the mysterious infrared signal it gives off

6. 2002, Russian scientists argue that a mysterious radiation-proof microbe may have evolved on Mars

7. 2002, Chemical hints of life are found in old data from Venus probes and landers. Could microbes exist in Venusian clouds?

8. 2003, Sulphur traces on Jupiter's moon Europa may be the waste products of underground bacterial colonies

9. 2004, Methane in the Martian atmosphere hints at microbial metabolism

10. 2004, A mysterious radio signal is received by the SETI project on three occasions - from the same region of space

Thursday, March 6, 2014

The Science Behind Rainbows

The Science Behind Rainbows: Optical Refraction and Dispersion

"As the appearance of the rainbow that is in the cloud in the day of rain, so was the appearance of the brightness round about.(Ezekiel.1:28)

Have you ever wondered what makes the colors of a rainbow? It is simply the effect of optical refraction and dispersion on white light as it passes through a prism. A prism contains two different mediums of different refractive indexes. This variation causes the light to bounce off of the prism at different angles and split into the component colors that make up white light, displaying a rainbow. A prism can be anything with two refractive indexes, even a droplet of water. This optical refraction and dispersion through water droplets is what causes the beautiful colors of a natural rainbow.

Optical refraction and dispersion: How a prism works

Dispersion and refraction of optics are responsible for the effect of a prism on white light. As normal white light passes through a prism, it will be converted into a rainbow of colors. The same processes of refraction and dispersion are also responsible for creating the beautiful colors of a natural rainbow. In the case of a rainbow, the droplets of water on the ground act as the prism, refracting the light twice and dispersing it into all of the colors of the rainbow.

Optical refraction and dispersion: Snell's law of refraction

As a beam of light goes from one type of medium to another, it is refracted at a different angle. The angle of this refraction is governed by Snell's Law, which states that the refractive angle depends on the refractive index of both of the media. The refractive index of a medium does not stay constant, but instead changes depending on the wavelength of the light passing through it. Light travels as an electromagnetic wave, with different wavelengths corresponding to a variety of rainbow colors. This makes it possible for the different colors to have a completely different refractive index even when passed through the same medium. The light is actually refracted twice, both when it travels into the prism and again when it is sent back out of the prism. This process of optical dispersion splits the white light into its individual rainbow colors.

Optical refraction and dispersion: Causing problems with camera lenses

While optical dispersion looks pretty, it can cause problems when it occurs with a camera lens. The lens of a camera or other optical device is basically just a curved prism, so it is subject to the same physical laws of refraction and dispersion that affect white light as it passes through a prism. This type of optical dispersion can happen with either type of lens, whether it is convex or concave. This usually requires the use of more than one lens in a piece of optical equipment such as a telescope or binoculars.


The stars are too great in number to count (Genesis 15:5, Jeremiah 33:22, Hebrews 11:1)

The Earth is shaped like a sphere (round) and rotates (Isaiah 40:22, Luke 17:34-36)

The sun is is moving through space in a huge orbit (Psalms 19:4-6)

Light travels in a path, darkness does not (Job 38:19)

Earth floats freely in space (Job 26:7)

Life is in our blood (Leviticus 17:11, Leviticus 17:14)

When dealing with disease, hands should be washed under running water (Leviticus 15:13)

Circumcisions should be performed on the eighth day after birth (Genesis 17:12)

Laughter can promote physical healing (Proverbs 17:22)

Depression can be harmful to your physical health (Proverbs 17:22)

The Jet Stream (Ecclesiastes 1:6)

Hydrological cycle (Job 36:27-28, Amos 9:6)

Air has weight (Job 28:25)

Anthropic principle (Isaiah 45:18)

Entropy (Psalms 102:25-26, Isaiah 51:6, Hebrews 1:10-11)

All things are made up of sub-atomic particles that are invisible to the naked eye (Hebrews 11:3)

Time had a beginning (1 Timothy 1:8-9)

Modern communications, perhaps even satellite television broadcasts (Revelation 11:7-11)

The oceans have circulating currents or ‘paths’ (Psalms 8:8, Isaiah 43:16)

There are springs that arise from the ocean floor (Job 38:16)

Mountains and deep valleys exist on the ocean floor (Job 38:16, Jonah 2:5-6)

Ocean contains springs (Job 38:16) "Spring in the deep Oceans "Hydrothermal vent spring"

Doth a fountain send forth at the same place sweet water and bitter?.(James 3:11)

Human is Belong to animal kingdom.(Psalms 49:12,20,Eclesiastes 3:18-21,Job 18:3,2 Peter 2:12)

Hydrothermal vents

This was confirmed nearly 90 years later, when hydrothermal ocean vents were predicted to exist in 1970s. The hot springs and strange creatures were discovered by Alvin, the world's first deep-sea submersible, in 1977 at the Galapagos Rift. At about the same time, Harvard graduate student Colleen Cavanaugh proposed chemosynthetic bacteria that oxidize sulfides or elemental sulfur as a mechanism by which tube worms could survive near hydrothermal vents. Cavanaugh later managed to confirm that this was indeed the method by which the worms could thrive, and is generally credited with the discovery of chemosynthesis.

Ocean currents anticipated (Psalm 8:8). Three thousand years ago the Bible described the "paths of the seas." In the 19th century Matthew Maury - the father of oceanography - after reading Psalm 8, researched and discovered ocean currents that follow specific paths through the seas! Utilizing Maury's data, marine navigators have since reduced by many days the time required to traverse the seas.

The continents were created as one large land mass (Genesis 1:9-10). Many geologists agree there is strong evidence that the earth was originally one super continent - just as the Bible said way back in Genesis.

Ice Age inferred (Job 38:29-30). Prior to the global Flood the earth was apparently subtropical. However shortly after the Flood, the Bible mentions ice often - "By the breath of God ice is given, and the broad waters are frozen" (Job 37:10). Evidently the Ice Age occurred in the centuries following the Flood.

God has created all mankind from one blood (Acts 17:26; Genesis 5). Today researchers have discovered that we have all descended from one gene pool. For example, a 1995 study of a section of Y chromosomes from 38 men from different ethnic groups around the world was consistent with the biblical teaching that we all come from one man (Adam)

God has given us the leaves of the trees as medicine (Ezekiel 47:12; Revelation 22:2). Ancient cultures utilized many herbal remedies. Today, modern medicine has rediscovered what the Bible has said all along - there are healing compounds found in plants.

The Bible warns against eating birds of prey (Leviticus 11:13-19). Scientists now recognize that those birds which eat carrion (putrefying flesh), often spread disease.

The Second Law of Thermodynamics (Entropy) explained (Psalm 102:25-26). This law states that everything in the universe is running down, deteriorating, constantly becoming less and less orderly. Entropy (disorder) entered when mankind rebelled against God - resulting in the curse (Genesis 3:17; Romans 8:20-22). Historically most people believed the universe was unchangeable. Yet modern science verifies that the universe is "grow(ing) old like a garment" (Hebrews 1:11). Evolution directly contradicts this law.

Genetic mixing of different seeds forbidden (Leviticus 19:19;Deuteronomy 22:9). The Bible warns against mixing seeds - as this will result in an inferior or dangerous crop. There is now growing evidence that unnatural, genetically engineered crops may be harmful.

The sun goes in a circuit (Psalm 19:6). Some scientists scoffed at this verse thinking that it taught geocentricity - the theory that the sun revolves around the earth. They insisted the sun was stationary. However, we now know that the sun is traveling through space at approximately 600,000 miles per hour. It is literally moving through space in a huge circuit - just as the Bible stated 3,000 years ago!

Animal and plant extinction explained (Jeremiah 12:4; Hosea 4:3). According to evolution, occasionally we should witness a new kind springing into existence. Yet, this has never been observed. On the contrary, as Scripture explains, since the curse on all creation, we observe death and extinction (Romans 8:20-22).

Intense sorrow or stress is harmful to your health (Proverbs 18:14; Mark 14:34). Researchers have studied individuals with no prior medical problems who showed symptoms of stress cardiomyopathy including chest pain, difficulty breathing, low blood pressure, and even heart failure - following a stressful incident.

Microorganisms anticipated (Exodus 22:31). The Bible warns "Whatever dies naturally or is torn by beasts he shall not eat, to defile himself with it: I am the LORD" (Leviticus 22:8). Today we understand that a decaying carcass is full of disease causing germs.

The seed of a plant contains its life (Genesis 1:11; 29). As stated in the Book of Genesis, we now recognize that inside the humble seed is life itself. Within the seed is a tiny factory of amazing complexity. No scientist can build a synthetic seed and no seed is simple!

The order of creation agrees with true science (Genesis 1). Plants require sunlight, water, and minerals in order to survive. In the first chapter of Genesis we read that God created light first (v.3), then water (v. 6), then soil (v. 9), and then He created plant life (v. 11).

Atomic fission anticipated (2 Peter 3:10-12). Scripture states that "the elements will melt with fervent heat" when the earth and the heavens are "dissolved" by fire. Today we understand that if the elements of the atom are loosed, there would be an enormous release of heat and energy (radiation).

Safe drinking water (Leviticus 11:33-36). God forbade drinking from vessels or stagnant water that had been contaminated by coming into contact with a dead animal. It is only in the last 100 years that medical science has learned that contaminated water can cause typhoid and cholera.

Soil conservation (Leviticus 23:22). Not only was the land to lay fallow every seventh year, but God also instructed farmers to leave the gleanings when reaping their fields, and not to reap the corners (sides) of their fields. This served several purposes: 1) Vital soil minerals would be maintained. 2) The hedge row would limit wind erosion. 3) The poor could eat the gleanings. Today, approximately four billion metric tons of soil are lost from U.S. crop lands each year. Much of this soil depletion could be avoided if God's commands were followed.

The Bible states that God created life according to kinds (Genesis 1:24). The fact that God distinguishes kinds, agrees with what scientists observe - namely that there are horizontal genetic boundaries beyond which life cannot vary. Life produces after its own kind. Dogs produce dogs, cats produce cats, roses produce roses.(Matthew 7:16) Never have we witnessed one kind changing into another kind as evolution supposes. There are truly natural limits to biological change.

Scientific Fact or PrincipleBible referenceDate of discovery by man
Both man and woman possess the seed of lifeGenesis 3:1517th Century
There is a place void of stars in the NorthJob 26:719th Century
Earth is held in place by invisible forcesJob 26:71650
Taxonomic classification of matterGenesis 11735
The Earth is roundIsaiah 40:2215th Century
Certain animals carry diseases harmful to manLeviticus 1116th Century
Early diagnosis of leprosyLeviticus 1317th Century
Quarantine for disease controlLeviticus 1317th Century
Blood of animals carries diseasesLeviticus 1717th Century
Blood is necessary for lifeLeviticus 17:1119th Century
Oceans have natural paths in themPsalms 8:81854
Earth was in nebular form initiallyGenesis 1:21911
Most seaworthy ship design ratio is 30:5:3Genesis 61860
Light is a particle and has mass (a photon)Job 38:191932
Radio astronomy (stars give off signals)Job 38:71945
Oceans contain fresh water springsJob 38:161920
Snow has material valueJob 38:221905, 1966
Infinite number of stars existGenesis 15:51940
Dust is important to survivalIsaiah 40:121935
Hubert Spencer's scientific principlesGenesis 11820
Air has weightJob 28:2516th Century
Light can be split up into component colorsJob 38:241650
Matter is made up of invisible particlesRomans 1:2020th Century
Plants use sunlight to manufacture foodJob 8:161920
Arcturus and other stars move through spaceJob 38:3219th Century
Water cycleEcclesiastes 1:717th Century
Life originated in the seaGenesis 119th Century
Lightning and thunder are relatedJob 38:2519th Century
Human beings were the last living things createdGenesis 115th Century