Tuesday, April 21, 2015


Around 1440 B.C. the Bible revealed that the Lord spread out the sky which is strong as MOLTEN LOOKING GLASS scientist discovered the Nitrogen is the most common element in the earth atmosphere and Nitrogen  is a part of a crystal lattice.

Job  37:18
Hast thou with him spread out the sky, which is strong, and as a molten looking glass?

The nitrogen hydrate crystal belongs to the structure-II lattice in the pressure range up to 440 MPa.When most people talk about bringing out the "crystal," they are often referring to a type of glass.

Why is nitrogen the most common element in the earths atmosphere?

The answer lies mostly in three facts: 
1. nitrogen is volatile in most of its forms 
2. it is unreactive with materials that make up the solid earth 
3. it is very stable in the presence of solar radiation.

                                                                      Nitrogen Crystal

To understand the abundance of N in the atmosphere, it is useful to compare it to O (the next most abundant element in the atmosphere). Compared to O, N is 4 times as abundant in the atmosphere. However, we must also consider the relative abundances of O and N over the entire Earth (oxygen is about 10,000 times more abundant). These earthly abundances overall reflect the composition of the material from which the Earth originally formed and the process of Earth's accretion. Oxygen is a major component of the solid earth, along with Si and elements such as Mg, Ca and Na. Nitrogen is not stable as a part of a crystal lattice, so it is not incorporated into the solid Earth. This is one reason why nitrogen is so enriched in the atmosphere relative to oxygen. The other primary reason is that, unlike oxygen, nitrogen is very stable in the atmosphere and is not involved to a great extent in chemical reactions that occur there. Thus, over geological time, it has built up in the atmosphere to a much greater extent than oxygen. It is important to know that both nitrogen and oxygen are intimately involved with the cycle of life on the planet, but that chemicals cycle through this material on a short time scale relative to the geological processes that have, over time, made the earth what it is today (compositionally and physically). N and O are found in the living biosphere and fossil organic matter (and both are soluble in sea water too). But, only a small fraction (less than 1% for N and much, much less than 1% for O) of the total for these element on the planet are to be found in these places.

Nitrogen forms strong bonds because of its ability to form a triple bond with its self, and other elements. Thus, there is a lot of energy in the compounds of nitrogen. Before 100 years ago, little was known about nitrogen. Now, nitrogen is commonly used to preserve food, and as a fertilizer.

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